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How You Know You Are Becoming Addicted to Gambling

It feels great to become a small winner too as huge m88 winner.

The typical gambler have seen on their own earn big once, now they know that they will get again. That is always sweet to get any scratch-off and acquire twenty dollars or perhaps more. A Person could get over $10,000 as well as $20,000.00 dollars and it can be yours certainly not and then spend, but to take proper treatment of yourself together with or perhaps acquire some thing you’ve often wanted. This really is evident, impossible never to happen because it happened once.. because money isn’t any needed, it may cause a main issue in life along with gambling.

There are usually tons associated with temptations in life along with money is chief among them. We require funds so we want to commit about the things we’d like or even have to obtain. First, there is the particular have to gamble, then that they really feel they cannot are living without gambling, and also from this level it gets an addiction.

And off that they go, gambling inside sweepstakes rooms, using scratch-offs, as well as picking lottery numbers inside the hopes associated with winning. Each Along With Every single day it really is becoming more plus more of a habit.

Here tend to be tell-tale signs that may display whether or not you are on the street for you to being a gambling addict.

In your gamblers world, that large win may be the mother of all wins

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Is playing fantasy football a form of gambling?

The definition of gambling is to play m88 games of chance for income.

So major funds is exchanging hands by means of fantasy football. Rather, playing fantasy sports is viewed as a game of ability.

It can also be a ton of exciting on Sundays watching the players on your team play in the NFL and wrack up stats and fantasy points for your group. Fantasy football does involve skill, but it also involves luck. But is the income exchanging hands via gambling? As a person who employed to play fantasy football a lot the answer is with out query yes playing fantasy football is a kind of gambling to me.

I’d still be playing currently but the league with the huge payouts went below in no smaller element mainly because the other owners were tired of me winning. Legally, though, playing fantasy sports is not viewed as a form of gambling in the United States. Who can predict when Marshawn Lynch is going to go down with an injury early in a game and ruin his owners probabilities of winning? Who can predict when a ego-maniac coach will not give Marshawn Lynch the ball on the objective-line for what would pretty much surely be a go-ahead touchdown to win the Super Bowl?

Wagering on any type of sporting event like the NFL is quite uncertain and is surely a form of gambling. So I was quite excellent at it and I produced a lot extra money than I ever place into the pools. Everyday fantasy sports firm FanDuel took in $81.five million in the fourth quarter (in the course of the NFL football season) last year mostly from individuals playing fantasy football.

Placing income on the line with other people based upon who has the team that wracks up the most fantasy points based upon how NFL players do is surely a game of chance. I played fantasy football for 10 years and won eight championships like four in a league with a first-spot prize of over $1,000. But as somebody who was pretty good at fantasy football, I’d often say fantasy football was 50% luck and 50% talent.

Is playing fantasy football a type of gambling? This is a incredibly genuine query given that it is estimated that some $1.2 billion changed hands last year between players in fantasy football leagues. But did I win a lot due to talent or due to luck? That is the heart of the gambling query involving fantasy football and my answer is still it’s 50% luck and 50% ability.

Eventually, though, mainly because cash is exchanging hands over the outcomes of the stats that NFL players accumulate every week, fantasy football is a type of gambling

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Arsene Wenger condemns Arsenal fans who vandalised White Hart Lane after victory over Tottenham | Football | Sport

I dont really know what happened but we are at the disposal of the authorities to help them to sort it out.

One of the advantages maybe of not speaking much English is that he doesnt understand that much about whats going on, said Wenger.

Arsene Wenger has condemned the Arsenal supporters accused of vandalising White Hart Lane at Wednesdays North London derby.

Its the same with us on the pitch. We want commitment but a controlled commitment and discipline as a fun88 club.

Police have confirmed 10 arrests were made on the night for a variety of offences including criminal damage and both clubs continue to work with them to identify individuals involved using the stadiums CCTV footage.

Arsenal await the outcome of an independent regulatory commission hearing into Gabriel Paulistas Football Association charge for improper conduct today after his red card in last weekends 2-0 defeat at Chelsea was rescinded.

Wenger also revealed Jack Wilshere has successfully undergone an operation on a hairline fracture on his left leg, with the Arsenal manager predicting his return to action in December, Christmas.

Gabriel was initially sent off for clashing with Diego Costa – who escaped with a yellow card on the day but has since been retrospectively banned for three matches pending an appeal – and Wenger admits the Brazilians lack of English has insulated him from the ongoing controversy.

Francis Coquelin will have a scan today on a knee problem and will miss tomorrows encounter at the King Power Stadium but the club insist he has not suffered a serious injury. We dont want any violence. Wenger described it as a little bone bruising on the knee.

[If he is cleared] he will [be ready to play]. Mentally, I have looked at him and he was sorry for what happened, and very disappointed but he is a fighter and his attitude in training the whole week was completely focused and motivated.

The Gunners Capital One Cup third round victory over Tottenham was overshadowed by ugly scenes after the final whistle in which away supporters appeared to tear down hoardings emblazoned with pro-Spurs slogans.

Arsenal fans trash White Hart Lane. You want support but a controlled support. And speaking ahead of tomorrows Premier League trip to Leicester, Wenger told Standard Sport: We cooperate completely with the authorities to sort that out

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Boxing’s Greatest Investment: Floyd Mayweather’s $750,000 Bet On Himself

Mayweather has netted $420 million in earnings during his career with more than 90% of that total earned since he started calling his own shots. The move was a no-brainer for Showtime, which was trying to raise the stakes in its blood feud with HBO. The two bouts drew middling PPV figures of 365,000 and 375,000. He was featured in his first two PPV cards against Arturo Gatti in 2005 and Zab Judah a year later. He envisioned himself as a headliner who could make “nine-figures” in one night. The pact guaranteed him at least $32 million for each fight with potentially much more and will go down as the richest contract in the history of sports. 11). Mayweather didn’t care as long as you bought the PPV for his fights.

Mayweather operated under the “Pretty Boy” nickname his entire career. “People love or hate him, but they watch him,” Showtime Sports head Stephen Espinoza told Forbes at the time.

Mayweather was part of WrestleMania the following year, although he was blowing smoke with his claim of a $20 million payday from WWE. On the show, he met Mark Cuban, no slouch when it comes to marketing yourself. The fight had 2.25 million PPV buys and a record $153 million in PPV revenue. He became a world class marketer playing a WWE character come to life, who nearly everybody hated. He is fighting for his legacy as one of the sport’s best ever. Mayweather set up his own promotion company, Mayweather Promotions, and arranged for all of the revenue streams to flow through him for his bouts. “I don’t think people realize just how focused [Mayweather] is on being more successful outside the ring than he is inside,” Cuban told Forbes in 2010.

Mayweather turned pro in 1996 after winning a controversial bronze medal in the 1996 Summer Olympics. Baldomir was a warm-up for what was to come.

Ellerbe thinks Mayweather’s $750,000 payment to get out of his Top Rank contract is more than just the best investment in boxing history. Mayweather had a guarantee of $41.5 million and earned more than $30 million on top of that from his cut of the fight’s revenue.

Mayweather’s big score came in 2013 with his blockbuster six-fight deal with Showtime. Follow me on Twitter or Facebook. Pulling the strings on Mayweather’s career was Top Rank founder and CEO Bob Arum, who has promoted many of boxing’s biggest legends including Muhammad Ali, Oscar De La Hoya and Manny Pacquiao.

Mayweather had a unique opt-out clause in his contract with Top Rank that let him pay $750,000 to get out of his promotion contract. Mayweather built a massive social media following that now counts 5.9 million Twitter and 10 million Facebook fans.

Mayweather went out on his own and started calling the shots. “It is the best investment in the history of sports,” he says.. Mayweather picked Cuban’s brain relentless on business. Mayweather bet on himself.

-

The 47-0 champ, five-division world champion has generated a record $871 million in career PPV revenue with all but roughly $40 million since he split from Top Rank. Saturday’s fight is set to break every financial boxing record in the books with Mayweather looking at a payday of $150 million or more.

Floyd Mayweather poses on the scale at the weigh-in the day before the fight of his life against Manny Pacquiao. The notorious gambler got to the pinnacle of the sport by a shrewd $750,000 bet in 2006. (AP Photo/Chris Carlson)

The Mayweather-Arum partnership was fruitful for both as Mayweather stayed undefeated with a growing paycheck. His first fight was against Carlos Baldomir and the fight drew only 325,000 PPV buys, but Mayweather banked a career high $8 million payday, more than double what he was earning over his last fights with Top Rank. 2013 bout against Canelo Alvarez. The moniker came as a result of how little he got hit due to his superior defense. The $750,000 price tag might seem small today with Floyd banking $105 million last year as the world’s highest-paid athlete, but in the mid 2000s his paychecks were all in the $3 million range.

The De La Hoya fight marked the first of 10 straight paydays of at least $25 million (Saturday night will be No. “Floyd walked into Top Rank’s office, handed them a check and the rest is history.”

“He had the great vision to take his brand to the next level,” says Ellerbe. Both were records with the PPV buy record still standing. Mayweather earned $25 million, including his share of PPV revenue

Mayweather’s biggest payday came for his Sept. He ran his record to 18-0 and won his first world title with a technical knockout of Genaro Hernandez in 1998. “Floyd wanted to take his career in a new direction,” says Leonard Ellerbe, Mayweather’s long-time confidante and CEO of Mayweather Promotions. But one thing already secured by Mayweather is his role as the biggest PPV star and richest boxer in the history of the sport. He appeared on Dancing with the Stars in 2007, which opened him up to a new audience. But in 2007 before the biggest fight of his life, Mayweather unleashed a new name: “Money.” Mayweather’s split decision victory over De La Hoya garnered 2.48 million PPV buys and $137 million in PPV revenue. Mayweather wasn’t satisfied. Read all of my Forbes stories here.

Floyd Mayweather faces the biggest fight of his career Saturday night against Manny Pacquiao

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Casino, Sports Betting, and Lottery – A Comparison of the House Edge

If instead the bets are placed through a sportsbook, the winner will collect only $1.91, since the odds of an evens game at most bookies and online sportsbooks is 1.91. If these two friends wager $1 each, the winner will collect $2, thus winning $1. In this m88 game, the player selects a three-digit number from 000 to 999, and plays the number as a straight or as a box. This is a fair game. There is absolutely no basis to prefer one number to others. For instance, if a player selects the number 672 and plays it straight, he/she will win if the number drawn is exactly 672. Nevertheless, besides the house edge, there is also the possibility of winning to consider.

The easiest way to compute a house edge is to compare the actual winnings that are paid by the respective agents to the winnings that would be paid in a fair game or bet.

Back to “Recreation And Sports” Index

Roulette

While there is little or nothing that a roulette or a lotto player can do to initially select a possible winning number, the situation could be quite different in the case of betting. This strategy may work a few times, but not always. Odds of 10/11 mean that you’ll win $10 when you wager $11; and odds of -110 mean that you have to wager $110 in order to win $100. A European roulette wheel has grooves marked by the numbers 0 to 36; the American wheel (also called Las Vegas wheel) has an additional groove marked as ’00′. The winning number in a roulette game is the number corresponding to the groove where a spinning ball lands.

( 999 – 499 ) / 999 * 100 = 500 / 999 * 100 = 50%

Even-odds Sports Betting

Depending on the state you are in, this lottery game may be known by a different name such as Pick 3, Play 3, Daily 3, etc. Obviously, a straight game pays much more than a box game for the same amount wagered.

Cash 3

It should be apparent by now that the gambler is better off with casino games than sports betting. Instead, if the player plays 672 as a box, he/she will win as long as the drawn number contains a 6, a 7 and a 2, in any order (276, for example). Thus,

This means that every time you spend a $100 on an offline or online casino roulette, $5.40 goes to the casino and the rest is redistributed to the winners. On the other hand, if the bettor is wagering on parlays the house edge would be significantly higher than 9%; for big parlays, it could go as high as 40%.

Because of its simplicity and popularity, we shall consider the roulette as a representative casino game. In short, the possibility of winning a roulette or the lottery entirely depends on luck.

The Conclusion

A fair bet, in this case, is just a simple bet between two friends who just pick one of the tennis player as winner. For obvious reasons, a good gambler always prefers games that have low house edges, while the casino itself loves those games with high house edges. It should also be noted that while the house edge could be a major factor to consider while selecting a gambling game, it is by no means the only one. In the case of state lotteries, however, the winner will be paid only $500 in most states. By even-odds we mean that the event (usually a sports game) has equal chances of going either way. So, the European wheel has a total of 37 numbers, while the American wheel has 38. So, whenever you are playing the state lottery, remember that you are wagering only half of your money on the actual lottery; the other half, you are just giving it away. Where this other half goes is not the gambler’s concern, since his/her main objective is to win some money in order to pay the ever present bills, or to get out of a miserable life, or to change his/her 20-year-old car. When the ball is spun and lands in a groove, the number marking that groove will be the winning number. Nowadays, there is a plethora of trustworthy online casinos and sportsbooks operating from Canada, the UK, Antigua, Costa Rica, and so on.

This article was posted on October 13, 2005

Casino, Sports Betting, and Lottery – A Comparison of the House Edge

by: Melkam Dirset. With a lot of information and some assistance from sports handicappers, it is possible to predict the outcome of a sports event with more certainty than predicting a Cash 3 number.

Indeed, a house edge cannot be zero since casinos, sportsbooks, and lottery administrators have to make some money in order to cover their expenses, and to make some profit as well. Since several internet sportsbooks offer odds higher than 1.91 in order to lure bettors, the house edge could be smaller than 9%, which is one of the things that the bettor should be looking for when searching for a sportsbook. Internet casinos usually make available the option to select the type of wheel the customer prefers, but the brick and mortar casinos normally offer only one type. Some states may pay a little bit less, others may pay a little bit more, but $500 is more or less the standard. It is one of the most important factors that every player should consider whenever he/she is engaged in any type of gambling, inasmuch as it indicates how much of the money wagered goes to the gambling agent’s pocket and how much is redistributed to the winners.

Unfortunately, many states do not allow casino games, and furthermore, sports betting is illegal in the United States. For instance, one should consider the fact that casino games are mostly games of chance, while sports betting also involves a learned decision in selecting a pick, consequently leading to a higher probability of winning a bet.

( 1 – 0.91 ) / 1 * 100 = 0.09 * 100 = 9%

As far as the house edge is concerned, it has been shown that casino games are the best choice for the gambler. Yet, a high house edge simply means that the players are unecessarily being ripped-off, and as a result, any gambling game with a high house edge should certainly be avoided by a knowledgeable gambler.

The Equation

So, this is how sportsbooks make a living. A fair game or a fair bet is one in which no commission is involved; an obvious model is a game between friends. As regards contributing to education and other noble causes, there are other means of collecting money called taxes and charities.

Keyword Search

( 37 – 35 ) / 37 * 100 = 2 / 37 * 100 = 5.4%

House Edge = [ (fair game winning - actual game winning) / fair game winning ] * 100

Now consider 1000 friends (maybe in a club) selecting a number as a straight, each for $1, so that all the 1000 possible numbers are covered. Keep in mind that it is the players, and not the machines, who remember the previous numbers. Therefore, in percentage form, the house edge is obtained by subtracting an actual game winning from a fair game winning and dividing the result by the fair game winning, finally multiplying by 100. The person who has selected this winning number collects all the money on the table thus making him win $37. Evidently, there are quite a number of casino games and the house edge varies from game to game, many of them having a house edge less than that of the roulette. The player is therefore left with no choice but to cross state borders in search of a casino, or more recently, to engage in online sports betting through the several offshore internet sportsbooks. Anyway, since the winnings paid by a sportsbook is only $0.91, the house edge of an even-odds betting will therefore be

The house edge, which is the commission that a gambling agent such as a casino, a sportsbook (bookmaker), or a lottery administrator charges, is a yardstick that measures how a specific gambling game is fair and reasonable. If you are not familiar with the decimal representation of odds, 1.91 is the same as 10/11 in UK notation and -110 in US odds notation. The winner therefore wins $499. When the winning number is drawn, the person who has selected that lucky number will be deemed a winner and will cash in all the $1000 collected, so making him win $999. The house edge for a Cash 3 game will therefore be

Now, consider a fair game in which 38 friends are playing the roulette at home, and each one selects a number and places a $1 bet on the number (no two or more players wagering on the same number). Some people try to analyze previously drawn numbers in order to see the trend and predict the next numbers. An example is a tennis match between two competitive players each of which has an equal chance of winning the match.

In this article, we shall compare, in the simplest way possible, the house edges of a roulette, an evens-odd betting, and a Cash 3 lottery game as representatives of the three major gambling categories.

This house edge applies not only to the Cash 3 game but also to all state lottery games such as Play 4, Cash 5, Mega, Fantasy 5, Lotto, Power Ball, etc. On the other end, any state lottery is a pretty miserable game to play. A straight play is a prediction that the number will come exactly as selected while a box is a prediction for the number to come in any order. For example, the house edge of craps is 1.4% which makes it one of the most preferred casino games by the players.

Again, because of its simplicity, we shall consider an even-odds betting as a representative of this category of gambling. On the other hand, if the game were conducted in a casino, the winner would be paid only $35. The difference between the two winnings applied in the above equation gives us the house edge of a roulette game as

Casino games, like lotteries are mostly games of chance; the player just selects a number or numbers and waits to see what luck brings him/her

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How to place your first football bet at a Las Vegas sportsbook like a pro

ALL bets must be placed in person, but you do not need to be in Vegas to win or collect. Las Vegas runs on tips and good service should be rewarded. The Texans are -370 and Dolphins +300. Remember that OVERTIME COUNTS when betting totals.

Or, find your team and bet numbers for the game, walk up to the window and tell the ticket writer that you would like to bet $110 on the OVER (or UNDER) in the Texans/Dolphins game #465/466. You can also view this information up above your head on the big, brightly lit boards, but it’s easier to grab a paper copy to study at your leisure.

Find the team that you are convinced will win. Or for the same rates, you can bet that the COMBINED score will be UNDER 43 points. You just spent (invested) $110, you deserve a free cocktail.

Stop by the book, short for sportsbook, and pick up the current week’s odds sheet for the sport (in this example NFL football) you are interested in. In this example, if you straight bet the Texans, they must win by EIGHT points or more in order for you to win your bet. When straight betting or betting the spread that team must cover the spread. DO NOT LOSE YOUR TICKET. It is customary to bet in increments of $11 ($22, $33, $55,…$1100, etc.) when straight betting/point spread betting. Remember that teams that cover the point spread win. This is optional when placing your bets, but a tradition when cashing your winning tickets. Or $37 to win $10 + your $37 bet. Remember that IF your team wins AND covers the spread you will get back your original bet PLUS $10 for each $11 dollars bet. Notice that the Texans are the ‘bottom’ team of the two teams listed. You win if they win by any number of points. The -7 1/2 under the line column indicates the Texans are 7 1/2 point favorites. Ask the sportsbook staff about mailing and cashing your winning tickets from out of state. Or you could bet the Dolphins for $100 and win $300 + your $100 bet for a total of $400 back – IF the Dolphins win.

Another way you can bet on this game is to bet the total. In this example you have selected #466 the Houston Texans. You could just as easily bet $370 or $3700. You can bet the moneyline, that is bet the Texans to win by laying $370 to win $100 + your $370 bet. Each sportsbook (or group of sportsbooks) have established minimum bets and maximum bets, ask the Ticket Writer about minimum bets if you’re a Low Roller or maximum bet limits if you are a High Roller.

In Vegas for the weekend and you’d like to place a friendly wager on your favorite team but don’t know where (or how) to begin? Follow these simple step-by-step instructions and you’ll be able to walk up to the casino sportsbook window and place your first NFL or college football bet like a pro.

Ready? Find your team and the bet number. If the underdog Dolphins win outright, tie or lose by seven points (or less) the Dolphins are declared the winner for betting purposes and you lose. It can get you more drink tickets and even better service on your next visit.

A few final notes. The bottom or second team listed is always the home team and has the home field advantage.

Look at that point spread again. Can you see why point spreads of 3, 7 and even 10 and 14 are extremely important? And to add to your stress, point spreads fluctuate up and down as the kick-off approaches. This is the moneyline. Now, CHECK YOUR TICKET FOR ACCURACY and if you drink, ask for a drink ticket when you place your bet. ALL bets must be placed BEFORE kickoff. Walk up to the betting window and tell the Ticket Writer that you would like to straight bet or just bet $110 on #466. The Texans are favorites, indicated by the (-) sign and the Dolphins are underdogs or ‘dogs’ indicated by the (+) sign. Look back at your sheet under the M/L column. The point spread is always placed to the right of the team that is favored. Good Luck.

Or, find your team and bet number and walk up to the window and tell the Ticket Writer that you would like to place a $37 moneyline bet on #466 the Houston Texans.

Now, go pick up your odds sheets, pick some winners and step up to the window. More on that in future articles.

What if you still like the Texans to win but heard about some key player injuries or weather changes or other factors that could affect the team’s performance on Sunday? You are still convinced they will win but not sure if they will win by MORE than a touchdown. Now find the corresponding bet number next to your team and circle it. See the 43 in the total column? If you believe that both teams are healthy, happy and the weather will be perfect and you KNOW this game will be a high scoring game OVER 43 combined points, you can bet $11 (or $110) to win $10 + your $11 (or $100 + your $110) back. As above, CHECK YOUR TICKET FOR ACCURACY, thank the Ticket Writer and ask for a drink ticket and relax.

And finally, consider tipping the helpful Ticket Writer a dollar or two or ten. Good choice, the Texans are 7 1/2 point favorites. Again, CHECK YOUR TICKET FOR ACCURACY, thank the Ticket Writer and ask for a drink ticket and enjoy the game.. For your $110 bet you would get $210 back when you cash your winning ticket after the game

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Las Vegas Casinos – InfoBarrel

The Gold Spike Hotel and Casino has

some lower limit tables such as $2.00 Blackjack. During peak nights the Slots-A-Fun

Casino is packed with people wanting to play low limit games. (readers or lookers?) The show is adult oriented

so don’t take Paul “Pee Wee” Reubens with you.

There are many casinos in Las Vegas

Nevada. If it is

not a slow night then do not even bother to show up to the

Slots-A-Fun Casino.

In 2007 they replace most of the

Egyptian themed items and decorations. Do not

attend the Slots-A-Fun Casino on a weekend or any other time the

place is busy.

Slots-A-Fun Casino

times.

Image Credit: (Flickr/davideferro.net) (Flickr/Chad Davis)

Palms Casino and Resort

The Slots-A-Fun Casino is located on

The Las Vegas Strip. The other

reason the Luxor Hotel and Casino is so cool is because of the huge

light beaming out from the top of the Luxor into space. Regardless of your budget you can find

somewhere fun and unique to gamble while visiting Las Vegas.

The Palms Casino and Resort is where

the middle class come to see the rich and famous. It is a popular spot for

amateur photographers to snap a world class picture. If the Aliens

ever come to play poker they will probably come to the Luxor Hotel

and Casino.

New York New York Hotel and Casino

The Gold Spike Hotel and Casino is

located in my favorite part of Las Vegas. The first is the shape of the

building. I assume the

inside of the Palms Casino and Resort is just as beautiful. It is by the Circus Circus Hotel and Casino.

Slots-A-Fun Casino has many low limit table games including $1.00

blackjack. Downtown Las Vegas is much funner and generally cheaper then staying on the

Vegas Strip. I disagree.

The New York New York Hotel and Casino is all of the fun of the real

New York but a lot cheaper. I have

never been inside the Palms Casino and Resort except for when I see

this Vegas Hotel on television.

I am a huge fan of the downtown Vegas

properties but this strip property make my list. If you want a tattoo they have a shop inside.

If you choose to stay at the Gold Spike

Hotel and Casino during you vacation to Las Vegas you will be well

rewarded with your choice of location. Fremont Street. If it is summertime and over 100 degrees I highly suggest you

do not walk the strip. When the Slots-A-Fun Casino is empty of locals and

tourists then it is a very fun place to gamble in Las Vegas. The appearance is drastically different,.

The Luxor Hotel and Casino has changed from an Egyptian theme to a

corporate owned casino filled with gimmicky adverting. The Palms Casino and Resort has been the site of many TV

shows. What other gaming property in Las Vegas can

offer you a Slurpee? The fact that I can play video poker with bad

odds and drink blue colored Slurpee’s all day makes the 7-11

convenience stores an awesome Las Vegas gaming property.

At night time the Palms Casino and

Resort is an absolutely gorgeous building. The rich and famous

come to the Palms Casino and Resort to be seen by the middle class

tourists. Many people now days consider the New York New

York Hotel and Casino to be slightly on the tacky side. On a Sunday when there are only a few cars in there

you can drive your car to the top. $2.00 Blackjack is

only available occasionally. I did once when it was 108 degrees and the

soles on my shoes were soft from the hot asphalt and concrete

literally melting my shoe soles away.

The New York New York Hotel and Casino

was considered a truly amazing architecture and styling casino when

it was first opened. The Luxor Hotel and

Casino is really cool for two reasons. You can also walk if you are not lazy. I love the

7-11 stores for gambling. The roller coaster is fun…to watch. When you are speeding up to the

top layer it looks and feels like you are flying of the edge of the

building onto the roller coaster. The 7-11 stores are not considered a casino to

most people. You may have seen the Palms Casino and Resort on

television. They usually have some video gaming machines. The

parking garage at the New York New York Hotel and Casino is my

favorite ride. It is modeled after the gr

eat pyramids of Egypt. You are right down by the

Fremont Light Show and all of the casinos and sites located in the

downtown area of historic Las Vegas. The Luxor Hotel and

Casino of today appears much different then the magnificent building

that was originally there. I wonder when

Britney plays blackjack and wants another card if she tells the

Blackjack dealer “Hit Me Baby One More Time.” After all of

Britney’s kids I think she was hit again.

7-11

The 7-11 convenience stores in Las

Vegas are everywhere. The Gold Spike Hotel and Casino also has a

sports book inside called “Leroy’s Sports book”.

If you visit the Palms Casino and

Resort make sure your bring your camera so you can take a picture of

the Paparazzi who may be there outside snapping pictures of the rich

and famous when they arrive at the Palms Casino and Resort.

The Palms Casino and Resort is a

favorite of Britney Spears when she visits Las Vegas. At least they

have not changed the sweet shape f the pyramid.

Luxor Hotel and Casino. You can find $1.00 black jack or $1,000 black jack tables.

From the high rollers VIP areas in fancy Vegas Casinos to the smoky

keno rooms with ragged carpet. If you do want to see the Strip

you are a very short bus ride away. Angelica Bridges starred on Baywatch and is also a favorite

of Playboy readers. Just because you may want to

visit an expensive Las Vegas Casino that does not mean you have to

play there.

Gold Spike Hotel and Casino

While visiting the Luxor Hotel and

Casino make sure you get tickets to the show starring Angelica

Bridges. There are always exceptions and some great deals can be

found for the Las Vegas Strip hotels and casinos during non peak

Regardless of where you want to gamble

in Las Vegas you can always find something cool, tacky, common, rare,

expensive, cheap, or even dirt cheap. Slots-A-Fun Casino is a fun place to gamble cheaply if you

go there during a slow time. $3.00 Black Jack is the favorite game of

many people in Las Vegas. I wish they would have kept

the Egyptian theme at the Luxor Hotel and Casino

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How the Sports Betting Line is Made by RJ Bell

There is a common misconception that point spreads represent the oddsmakers’ prediction of how many points the favorite will win by. In our extended interview, Seba explained that there are 4-5 oddsmakers assigned to make lines for each of the major sports (pro & college football and basketball; MLB, NHL, boxing, golf). People think it’s much more complicated, but it’s not.”

Since the oddsmaker’s ultimate goal is equally dividing the betting action, public perception and betting patterns must be taken into account. “We’re not trying to pick the team that covers the spread, we’re trying to make it a coin flip, a tough decision (for the bettor). Mike Seba is a Senior Oddsmaker at LVSC and has been making lines for the last six years.

Individual books having players who consistently bet with certain tendencies (such as an extreme bias toward favorites or toward a certain popular team like USC) . Reasons for such adjustments include:

The opening line is the first line created by the oddsmakers, which is then sent out to sportsbooks.

Why the Line Changes

Moving the line is the oddsmaker’s effort to balance betting action, and often times such moves can have a major impact on a bettor’s decision. That is not the case at all – their intent is NOT to evenly split the ATS result between the teams; rather, their goal is to attract equal betting action on both sides.

The purpose of these adjustments, like all line adjustments, is to more equally divide the betting action. Stated another way, they want to create a line that half the people find appealing to bet one way while the other half find it appealing to bet the other way (known as ‘dividing the action’).

What Is the Line Trying to Accomplish?

How the Opening Line Is Made

“The #1 thing for us is to make a line for each game that creates good two-way action. Divided action means the sportsbook is guaranteed a profit on the game because of the fee charged to the bettor (called juice or vig – typically $11 bet to win $10).

Once the opening line is released by LVSC, the individual sportsbooks decide if they want to make any adjustments before offering it to the public. If we’ve done that, we’ve done our job.”

Oddsmakers can also change the line depending on various event-related factors such as player injuries or weather.

The last step in the line-making process for each oddsmaker is taking one final look to determine whether or not the line “feels right.” This is where common sense and past experience with how games are bet enters into the picture. Also, adjustments are made after reading each team’s local newspapers to get a sense of what the coaches & players are thinking going into the game. By necessity their approach is very research-oriented and concise, since with millions of dollars at risk there is little margin for error. By moving the line, sportsbooks can influence how the public bets on a particular game.

Las Vegas Sports Consultants (LVSC) is the world’s premier oddsmaking company and the most respected authority on making the lines. Seba explained that it all starts with each oddsmaker creating a line on each game based upon their own personal approach.

Experts working for the individual books having a strong opinion on the game

Once a game’s power rating based pointspread is determined, the oddsmaker will make adjustments to that line after considering each team’s most recent games played and previous games played against that opponent.

“You either have a passion for it or you don’t,” Seba said. The power ratings are adjusted after each game a team plays. Of course there is an entire method to the madness on how the opening line is created.

A round-table discussion among the 4-5 oddsmakers involved in making the line for each sport is then conducted and a consensus line is decided upon by the Odds Director before it is released to the sportsbooks.

“The main objective is that our clients get equal action on both sides,” Seba said. Obviously, if the line comes out a week ahead of the event (which is the case in football), there is much that could happen during the week leading up to the event that could affect the line. Each of these oddsmakers bring unique opinions, strengths and weaknesses to the process. We do this by drawing from past experiences and applying them to current situations.

RJ Bell

©Pregame.com 2006

Website: http://www.Pregame.com

Power ratings are the oddsmaker’s value of each team and are used as a guide to calculate a “preliminary” pointspread on an upcoming game. If an oddsmaker comes up with a preliminary line of USC -7, then an adjustment up to -7.5 or -8 would be made in response to the public’s expected USC bias. For example, the public might have heavy betting interest week after week on a popular college football team such as USC. This usually includes having up-to-date power ratings on each team. Oddsmakers have to determine if any changes are necessary and send out an “adjusted line.”

Contributed by:

Oddsmakers at LVSC are professional sports junkies who love what they do and would probably do it for nothing if you asked them, but they do get paid for it. Examples of non-game factors that would require an adjustment to a team’s power rating are key player injuries and player trades. Of the 4-5 oddsmakers, generally the 2 most respected opinions are weighed more heavily by the Odds Director before he decides on the final line.

For example, if the pointspread on a game is 7 and most of the money is coming in on the underdog (taking the +7), sportsbooks will then move the number down to 6 ½ to try and attract money on the favorite. In doing so they attempt to make more attractive the team that is getting less action.

Once betting begins, sportsbooks can adjust the line at any time

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Casino-Gaming :: What Percentage Of Races Does The Favorite Horse Win?

Of course, if you placed a win bet and the horse does win, then you will come away with lots of money. Remember, that your horse only has to come in the first three in a six or nine horse race for you to come away with a profit. For this reason, I do not always place my money on the horse that is predicted to win. Thus, you can see that the fewer the runners there are, the better your chances of winning.

As a general rule, the favorite will win about 1/3 of the time, but what is amazing is how often the favorite will place, especially when less than half of the field is 5-1 or lower. In a race with 20 runners you have a 1 in 20 chance of picking the winner. However, let us say that the race has just six runners, then you have a 1 in 6 chance of winning. In this case a favorite will place almost 100% of the time.

Thus, the question asked is if you should bet on the horse most likely to win? Sometimes the answer to this is “no”. I suggest that you choose horse races with nine runners and 1/4 odds on the first three, or six runners with 1/4 odds on the first two. If the odds are less than 4/1, then I suggest passing such a horse race. The reason being that the odds are often better than the favorite winning the race.

In my opinion, the secret of winning on the horses is to look at the statistics. Of course, this is providing that you placed a place or show bet. The key point: is stay away from horse races where there are lots of runners!. In 2 out of 3 races some other horse wins.

In order to win a horse race, you might want to predict the winner by using statistical calculations instead. Look at the odds being offered and if they are better on the second or third horse, then go for it.

In a race with only six horses running, you have a 1 in 6 chance of picking a winner. Often the odds on the horse most likely to win is poor. Remember, when you use this system, you are making your predictions on the odds. Therefore, it is statistically speaking, a bad race to bet on. Thus, place your bet around 20 minutes to race time.

As one can see, it often is better to bet on a horse you think is going to place. And do not forget, the horse still has a chance of winning too. If the horses just below the favorite have better odds, such as 4/1, 5/1 or better; then place your bet on those horses. Thus, I suggest that you limit yourself to horse races with either 6 or 9 horses running to have the best chance of winning.

Why does the horse predicted to place actually wins so many races? Maybe because the favorite usually only wins 1 in 3 races. However, bookmakers/tracks usually only offer poor odds if you bet place or show on such a horse. You really need odds of at least 4/1 to win anything if the horse that you bet on places second or third

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Play Casino And Poker Online

The immediacy from the internet has exposed a brave “new world “for gambler. There aren’t many players who claim eternal loyalty to some gaming site and therefore the active gaming cycle on the particular site can vary from weeks to a few months. It is therefore vital that you stabilize your casino and poker online have fun with real live games to operate in your skills. If you fancy a flutter you will get your fix. Most poker pros will agree the psychology of poker is an extremely important a part of the things they’re doing well. The program of these sites happen to be produced by mainly several specialist developers plus they all try to provide you with as enjoyable and realistic an event as you possibly can that you should play casino poker online. Play casino and poker online to determine more hands and make use of the ease of a web-based poker site whenever you cannot get free from the home or simply possess a very little time to experience.

casino and poker online need constant attention which is essential that you offer good customer care out of all languages of the target markets. The majority of the well-known casino and poker online sites are run by reputable companies who’ve been within the gaming niche for quite a long time. Playing inside a live game is very totally different from playing on-line poker. In on-line poker you won’t ever need to be in person together with your opponent whereby live games you can observe your attacker so that you get the chance to determine any tells that they’re going to exhibit. You may either to setup and manage your personal customer care team otherwise allow the operator handle this for you personally.

Within the recent game playing industry events, which I joined, I overheard a discussion between two guys and one of them instructed another that using a casino website is a means to make quick money online.

It usually takes a few weeks to possess your casino and poker online gaming site fully operational an internet-based, after which it’s your decision they are driving traffic towards your website. Locate a good home game or look

for a local card room if at all possible and go play a couple of times per month if you’re able to.

casino and poker online are a good spot to play if you have use of a card room in your town I’d recommend spent some play at live games. The administration of the site is going to be processed every day causing you to be enough time to concentrate on your online marketing strategy.. Customer retention is with you. Creativity in marketing and customer retention is crucial in the current competitive online entertainment business and something is only able to concentrate on the right players by understanding the players themselves. This skill isn’t attainable in internet poker room play; you need to be sitting over the table out of your opponents to achieve this expertise. You now are becoming to the facets of poker that cope with playing another players and not simply them you’re dealt. This is often a vital skill in enhancing your poker game

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AIDS Patient Zero – InfoBarrel

. . Louis, Missouri.  His mother’s name was Constance Rayford, and he had a brother named George.  Rayford was described as slender.  His retardation left him relatively uncommunicative from shyness. 

Of a most enlightening nature was Rayford’s adamant refusal of any rectal exams.  It seemed that he may have been exposed to homosexual activity (assuming the submissive role in anal intercourse).  One of his attending physicians believed that he had been a victim of sexual abuse (a very likely scenario considering Rayford’s socio-economic background).  He could also have been “pimped out” against his will by someone who procured males to engage with him.  To date, this aspect of his life is unclear.

Both his wife and daughter developed an illness that mimicked his symptoms, and they died in 1977. Memory Elvin Lewis

Dr. 1952-1953).

The criteria for entry were pure sadism: one night only women might be allowed in; other times, a sloppily dressed man might be sent away while another, looking exactly like that man but “famous”, would be let in.  Gay-themed parties were held there often, and casual sex in the bathrooms and the “exclusive” privacy lounge was common among attendees.

From a front-line perspective

The Road to Zero

In 1979, before Dugas was infected, a bisexual German concert violinist, Herbert Heinrich, died.  In 1989, after testing of medical samples from his body, it was learned he was HIV-positive. 

First denying he was sick, he later willfully and maliciously spread the disease to unsuspecting partners.  After having casual sex in a darkened room once, a male interviewee later reported he had turned on a light in the room where Dugas lay naked on a bed.  This man spotted the lesions (Kaposi’s sarcoma) that were the classic earmarks of “gay cancer” on Dugas’ chest.  When he remarked upon it, Dugas replied sardonically, “It’s gay cancer.  Maybe you’ll get it.”

The disease it spawned was rechristened, in light of its indiscriminate virology, to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or AIDS.  That same year that 248 cases of the disease were reported, local health departments in conjunction with the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in Atlanta began investigating.

Of the 248 cases known before the detection of the virus, interviewing led to the shocking revelation that at least 40 AIDS victims had one thing in common: all had either had sex with a certain male, blond, gregarious Air Canada flight attendant, or they had sex with someone who did.  This networking connection was made in 1984, and it was critical – it meant medical and public health officials investigating the source of AIDS might have finally gotten the breakthrough they needed. 

Current scientific research is clear: sometime in the 1930s, a simian form of immunodeficiency virus mutated sufficiently and made the leap across species to become a contagious disease of people. 

AIDS is what defined the decade of the 1980s, a decade that lived in fear beneath the penumbra of a certain and tortuous death from a highly communicable pathogen. Memory Elvin-Lewis, thank you so much for not only your contributions to science but to my humble efforts at disseminating it for general readership.  I truly appreciate it.

He was admitted with multiple, and strange, symptoms (given his tender age).   The swelling in his legs was bothersome, his genitals and legs were covered in scrofulous skin, and his testicles were severely swollen.  He was also emaciated (having lost much weight suddenly), and even though he was an African-American male he was considered “pale”.  He also had shortness of breath.  His symptoms led his caregivers at Barnes Hospital to conclude that one of his problems was lymphedema (a swelling caused by lymphatic problems).  This was only a tiny part of his health issues, however.

Gay men realized the danger.  Many made the intuitive leap early that perhaps certain activities, such as anal intercourse, might be transmitting the causative agent.  Others flatly refused to believe that their lifestyles might be endangering the health of themselves and of others.  They felt it was a perceived backlash against gay men.  Higher-profile gay men (many closeted during their lifetimes) and activists within the gay community began dying as well as underground sub-culture members (the “Crisco, leather, and fisting” set).

AIDS now had a face.

Grethe Rask was a Danish surgeon who had traveled to Zaire in 1972 to lend medical aid for the sick there.  She returned to Denmark in 1976 and became relentlessly ill.  Her symptoms confounded her colleagues.  She died in December 1977.  Several years later in 1984, it was confirmed through testing she was HIV-positive.  During her time in Zaire, it was known she was directly exposed to blood – it is believed this was the source of her infection.

Dugas remained unrepentant.  He originally denied that whatever disease it was he had could be transmitted sexually.  His own words on the subject: “Of course I’m going to have sex.  Nobody’s proven to me that you can spread cancer.”  His depraved indifference to his sexual partners’ well-being was summarized with “It’s their duty to protect themselves.  They know what’s going on out there.  They’ve heard about this disease.”  The last element of his bitterness was voiced by his wish to take others with him: “I’ve got gay cancer.  I’m going to die and so are you.” 

By the 1950s, this homophobia was rampant, and in the conservative times of Eisenhower and McCarthyism, men were slowly pushed out of the steward jobs.

Gaëtan Dugas died in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, on March 30, 1984, at the age of 31.  His cause of death was kidney-failure brought on by his weakened condition from an onslaught of infections and ailments from AIDS.

The term “velvet rope” came into existence then – a red velvet rope (as one might see in a museum keeping patrons at a safe distance from a particularly priceless exhibit) became the literal and symbolic barrier between the plebes on the street and the hipsters within.  Each night crowds gathered outside Studio 54′s doors; admission was granted whimsically by a group of door men and many times by Steve Rubell himself. 

Thus, by the late 1940s male flight attendants were not only undesirable, they were suspect as well.  Occupying a job with women that devoted itself to customer service, good manners, and fine grooming, the stewards garnered suspicions of being “queer”.

The music scene was fueled by this gay celebration, none more blatantly than by a vocal group of disco hustlers calling themselves “The Village People”.  They dressed in favorite and stereotypical gay icon costumes – a policeman, a construction worker, a cowboy, a gay biker, and a Native American.  They were hugely successful for a short time with big sellers “In the Navy” and “YMCA”.  More subtly, Donna Summer performed her brand of dance music that was embraced by the gay community as was she.

The discrimination in the labor market meant the United States Supreme Court had to step in and force airlines to hire male flight attendants.  This happened in 1971 after nearly 20 years of female-dominated service.  Even then, the Court’s decision forcing US airlines to hire men was greeted with derision in the press.  It also raised homophobic fears of placing men in such a servile and sexualized role. Kramer was a writer in New York and a part of the gay culture.  He, however, decided that merely watching his friends die quietly wasn’t enough. 

The dubious distinction of being America’s “Patient Zero” – the first documented and verifiable case of AIDS in the country – belongs not to Dugas but to a mildly mentally retarded black teenager named Robert Rayford (born ca.

And the real Patient Zero – the HIV-Adam or HIV-Eve – lived and most likely died there, somewhere in the Congo, unknown and unrecognized for the catastrophic role he or she would play in human history. 

The music was disco, the dance beat adapted from gay men and their party scene.  The mock S&M dance moves, the sweaty bodies, the throb of the music, the drugs consumed, and the fact that not just anyone could get in heightened its allure.

Update note:Dr. . many cases of AIDS have been autopsied that we didn’t even know had AIDS.”

The hedonism of the 1970s raged unchecked, and by the middle of the decade “gay” culture became pop culture.  Gay male partiers in the mid 1970s found an outlet on New York’s Fire Island.  Gay men rented time-share space in houses on the island and partied their summers away “in season”. 

Diverting conversations occurred between Rayford and his primary care givers when questioned about his sexual activities.  His doctors had not considered homosexuality initially, and all conversations, such as they were, seemed to be taken as referring to female sexual contacts.

Instead, about the only thing that can be said of HIV is that its “Ground Zero” location was almost certainly Central Africa.  

Omega Man

He had a chlamydia infection (a bacterial venereal disease), clearly indicating he was sexually active.  His doctors also uncovered evidence of the herpes simplex virus and the virus responsible for Epstein-Barr.  Robert Rayford was not terribly forthcoming with his doctors, partly due to his retardation leaving him mostly uncommunicative, but also because he was embarrassed by something.

Dr. Louis, Missouri) was the earliest confirmed victim of AIDS in North America.

His first months in the hospital were spent with his doctors cutting back on his water and salt intake, and they wrapped and raised his legs, all to cut down on his tissue’s swelling.  Despite this, the inflammation moved up his body and into his lungs.  Antibiotics were tried in varying dosages, but Rayford’s condition continued to deteriorate. 

Gaëtan Dugas fit right in with the gay community of the bath houses.  He was blond, voluble, and open.  Sex for him was a series of anonymous engagements, many times conducted hastily in bathroom stalls.  He took on whatever he felt like.  As well as many other men, he was developing what would become known as “The Clone Look”: close-cropped hair, largish but well-groomed mustache, muscle shirts, short shorts.  [The quintessential version of "The Clone Look" would be Freddie Mercury (rock band Queen's lead vocalist who died of AIDS) after about 1981.] 

Certainly, the African-American teenager Robert Rayford (who had never been outside the city of his birth) was not Patient Zero, either – somebody had to give it to him in the first place.

The very first air flight attendants (in the 1920s) were men.  These positions were desirable; the men who did these jobs executed their duties more like up-scale, futuristic train porters and ship stewards than as menials.  As with many professions in that era (especially in service jobs such as telephone operators, bank tellers, et al) the sky porters known as “stewards” were exclusively male.  World War I saw the shift from male to female telephone operators and bank tellers; with a dearth of male workers during World War II, employers turned to the fairer sex to fill their employment needs in the airline industry, too. 

Air Canada

One such mystery concerned the AIDS epidemic in America.  As long as the killer remained comfortably within the gay community not much was done to investigate.  As soon as AIDS found its way into the heterosexual population, though, suddenly America’s interest in ferreting out the cause was paramount.  Panic stricken virologists and other epidemiologists worked feverishly to isolate the source of this sexually transmitted disease first endemic among homosexual men. 

Meanwhile, as a symbolic sign of the coming Armageddon, Studio 54 was forced to close its doors for liquor license violations and tax evasion; entrepreneurs Steve Rubell and his business partner were sentenced to short terms of imprisonment.  [Rubell later died of AIDS.]

There is an interesting correlation between homosexuality and the airline industry.  At least, there is a publicly perceived correlation as it pertains to airline flight attendants.

Molecular research shows the AIDS epidemic of the 1980s stemmed from a viral strain that had entered the US via Haiti about 1966.  Other strains have been isolated as well.  As in cases like Robert Rayford’s, the disease died with him (though he probably infected others, those people likely did not have access to the sheer number of sexual partners that, for example, Gaëtan Dugas had, and died before spreading it much). 

The Greek letter “?” always refers to the end of an event or series, not its beginning.  Dugas was “Patient Zero”, not “Patient ?” – if the intent was to use such a Greek designation, he would have been named “Patient Alpha” (“?” or “?”)  for “the beginning”.  It is known that Dugas from the earliest investigations, based on diagrams the CDC (and others) created interlinking sexual contacts among those diagnosed with or dead from the mystery disease, was referred to from the start as Patient Zero (not Omega or “O”).

The teen seemed stabilized by late 1968 (when he was around 15 years old).  He had been transferred to Deaconess Hospital by then, and in March 1969, however, all of his symptoms reappeared and rapidly worsened.  His breathing labored; his white blood cell count (as part of routine blood work) was noted to have dropped dramatically.  The only thing concurred at the time was that Rayford’s immune system had been somehow compromised.  He developed a fever and died either in the late hours of May 15, 1969, or the early hours of May 16 (sources differ).  His primary physician recalled, “Eventually his entire body constituted almost one wave of hard lumps and watery swellings.”

This makes little sense. 

Gay and straight partiers alike finally found their Valhalla, however, in New York City in a crummy little club in the 1970s called Studio 54.  This rat hole was converted into a hot spot known all over the world.  Celebrities fell all over themselves to get in and be seen there.  Its allure was its faux air of exclusivity.  No club before or since carried the cachet of Studio 54.  Co-founded and owned by a cabaret-style, (almost a caricature) flamboyantly gay man, Steve Rubell, and a straight-laced heterosexual lawyer, this kitschy club defined hipsters in the Seventies. 

For one gay man, however, being a steward was all he’d needed to satisfy both his wanderlust and his physical lust. 

The direct lineage of HIV-1 was traced to two groups of mutations that formed in the primates that carried the simian version.  One of the groups was dated to between 1847 and 1907; another subgroup dated to between 1606 and 1871.  HIV-2 made the leap most likely between the date range of 1856 and 1922.  Thus, it can be seen some prototypical version of the AIDS virus can be dated to the early 17th century.

In the end one can see there is no modern-day “Patient Zero”.

A strange disease lurked among the gay denizens and creepers of the bath houses, though.  Men began dying of pneumonia and other respiratory illnesses, but only after drastically losing weight and developing horrific skin lesions on their faces, necks, backs, and chests.  This disease became known in the gay community as “gay cancer”.  It was particularly volatile, and it progressed rapidly.  Dugas caught it early, possibly with his first encounter in the New York gay bathhouse on Halloween 1980.

Before Robert Rayford in the US, there was a possible case found in a dead Jamaican native named Ardouin Antonio.  He came to the US in 1927.  He was working as a shipping clerk for a clothier when he died at age 49 on June 28, 1959, in Manhattan.  He had developed a very rare kind of pneumonia, seemingly out of the blue.  Decades later the doctor who had performed Antonio’s autopsy was asked to re-evaluate the case.  Did he think Antonio possibly died of AIDS?  “You bet .  

AIDS in the United States was isolated in pockets of contagion until the promiscuity (homosexual or otherwise) of the 1970s gave the disease a clear path of propagation in humans.  IV drug use, on the rise in the 1970s and early 1980s, also provided another avenue of blood-exchange necessary for the virus to thrive. 

Certainly it was not Gaëtan Dugas (though, like Typhoid Mary over half a century before him, many deaths could be placed squarely on his doorstep). 

Good investigative work requires dogged determination.  Running an enigma to ground can take years. 

Ground Zero

Running Dugas to ground, however, was pointless.  At the time, there were no criminal laws penalizing the willful spread of a known fatal disease (since then, law changes allow charges of attempted and pre-meditated murder to be brought in many states against anyone who is HIV-positive purposefully engaging in unprotected sexual intercourse with an unwitting partner).

Mr. It existed as “slim disease”; the condition was universally ignored though many Africans died after mysteriously wasting away.  In 1959, about the time the Manhattan Jamaican shipping clerk died of his rare pneumonia, a blood sample from a Congolese man was taken and preserved.  Years later, this proved to be HIV-infected.  This Congolese man’s fate is unknown (whether he developed full-blown AIDS and died from it or not).  Similarly, a preserved lymph-node biopsy specimen taken from a Congolese woman in 1960 later proved to be HIV-positive.

Finally, in 1968, the boy was admitted to St. It was so unusual at the time . . Louis City Hospital, then transferred to Barnes Hospital (now Barnes-Jewish Hospital) in St. Somewhere, there was a Patient Zero, the epidemiological well-spring from which this plague spewed forth.

Concern for dying gay men was not paramount on America’s mind.  As more cases of the mysterious killer emerged, the name was changed from “gay cancer” to “gay-related immune deficiency” (GRID).  This, at least, was an open recognition that whatever was causing the disease was compromising a body’s immune system.  It didn’t explain, however, the rather esoteric choice of gay men (and soon discovered, IV drug users) by an unintelligent, non-sentient pathogen as victims.  It wasn’t until the first heterosexual cases of “gay cancer” emerged that the disease was examined more closely.

Tracing backward from Haiti (the source of the US strain in 1966) put the disease firmly in Central Africa. Memory Elvin-Lewis was kind enough to respond to this piece in person.

Occasionally, medical mysteries initially thought solved are found later to have very different truths at their cores.

Gateway to the West

This doctor handled, and talked with (though reported as largely uncommunicative), Robert Rayford personally for a period during Rayford’s confinement, and also attended Rayford’s autopsy, confirming the KS diagnosis and noting the preservation of tissue samples that later were shown to carry the variant of the HIV-1 virus.

Years later, once medical science, and particularly genetics testing, had reached a greater level of technological advance, a revision of the “Patient Zero” findings of 1984 seemed necessary.  What was learned by later research was both fascinating and horrific simultaneously.  It turned out, HIV had not only been in the world for over a century, but it had been in the United States as early as 1966. 

False Positive

Homophobia was so great by the late 1950s almost no airlines in the United States would hire men as flight attendants – even Eastern and Pan Am stopped hiring stewards.  Stewardesses, however, were very desirable.  They were marketed as young, beautiful, and sexually available–this was hardly an acceptable career choice for any he-man.  In the same way that the sexual orientation of male nurses was suspect, only “pansies” wanted to be stewards.

As early as his 13th year or sooner, he was sexually active.  Beginning in 1966, he started having some physical problems that seemed chronic.  His legs swelled, and he developed sores on his genitals and body. 

He led doctors to believe any of his sexual activities were strictly heterosexual, even claiming at one point to having a girlfriend (who failed to surface at the time).  [This female was found some time later and was found to be in perfect health, relative to HIV and AIDS, from which one can only surmise she and Rayford had no intimate sexual intercourse or such activities were rare enough she was not exposed to critical levels by whatever ailed him.]

He wrote myriad articles on the subject and penned a stage play, “A Normal Heart”, that did well.  In May 2014, this stage play was brought to the small screen.  It was presented as a movie on HBO starring Jim Parsons (of “Big Bang Theory” TV fame).  The story documented the earliest days of the AIDS epidemic in America told from the perspective of the New York City/Fire Island cohort.  It is engaging: it is what TV can do (but usually fails to do except in rare cases like this one).

As further incentive to not hire men as flight attendants, the death of a gay steward in 1954 became a scandal sufficiently great to lead to a rash of “fag bashings” (both gay men and lesbians were targeted) in Miami, Florida.  It was one of the nation’s worst anti-gay outbreaks in history. 

Anal scarring also indicated repeated sexual penetration.

In America, the results of further research led to the conclusion that Gaëtan Dugas had not been the true “Patient Zero” after all.

There is an apocryphal story that Patient Zero was really Patient “O” (as in the 15th letter of the English alphabet, first letter of the word “Omega” for the last letter of the Greek alphabet, ?).  Furthermore, it was alleged that a journalist misinterpreted the “O” (for “?”), and instead wrote up his report, referring to the AIDS’ source as “Patient 0″ ["zero"] instead.

He started out as a hairdresser.  Wanting to travel, this French-speaking Canadian learned that flight attendants for Air Canada had to be bi-lingual.  He moved to Vancouver and learned English to qualify for the job.  He found work as a flight attendant on Air Canada.  This career choice allowed him the freedom to move around the world, visiting exotic locales, and meeting many strange men for anonymous sexual encounters.  In 1977, he was legally married in Los Angeles, California, in an illegal attempt to gain United States citizenship.

Dating America’s exposure to AIDS is irrelevant: AIDS is a global problem.  And continuing research has led to many more interesting facts about the spread of HIV.

“I’m Candy – Fly Me!”

Rayford lived in a brownstone in a poor neighborhood in St. Louis. 

Without a precise diagnosis, Rayford’s cause of death was attributed to the catch-all vagary “loss of vitality”.  Intractable fluid imbalance and lung disease were listed as contributors.  An autopsy revealed a surprise – his body carried a very rare cancer called Kaposi’s sarcoma internally (though he had but one external lesion on his right thigh).  [Today, this cancer and its lesions are bellwethers of AIDS.] 

Author’s note

Larry Kramer was actively and aggressively involved with what was then known as “gay cancer” in the early 1980s when the disease first made its poisonous presence visibly known in the United States as “gay cancer”. 

The airline industry developed glamour.  The titillation of a sexy stewardess in uniform, pandering to any business traveler’s ego, was priceless.  These were women without boundaries, women who went anywhere, anytime.  Therefore, they must be promiscuous.  The unspoken possibility of sex with a globe-trotting gal was also alluring.  Married women were aggressively discouraged from working as stewardesses.  The single women, all within a certain preferred range of body type, height, and attractiveness, were wanton women (in the minds of the average male of the day).  Although morbid obesity was not the problem in the 1940s it is today, there were no “big girls” on board.

Dugas, meanwhile, knew he was sick.  He didn’t know exactly what was wrong, but he had developed the skin lesions, associated with “gay cancer”.  But one can’t spread cancer, of course, because cancer isn’t contagious.  He indiscriminately continued having sex with men as his whims overtook him.  His “advantage” was his mobility – as a flight attendant, he might be in any part of the US, Canada, or the world on a moment’s notice.  His bitterness about having gay cancer crossed over into his lackadaisical attitude about possibly harming others.

The End of Days was seemingly at hand.

The commercial airlines recognized the goldmine presented by hiring female “stewardesses”.  Certainly, they were paid less.  There was also marketability in women that men did not have – women could be hawked by an airline as possible sex partners for the discriminating male traveler choosing its service over another.

In 1976, a Norwegian sailor, designated with the alias “Arvid Noe”, died; his wife and nine-year-old daughter died the next year of the same wasting disease.  In 1961, the 15-year-old Noe had sailed on his first voyage to Africa.  He worked a merchant vessel that plied along Africa’s west coast from mid-1961 to mid-1962; during this voyage he was treated for gonorrhea.  He sailed again to Africa in 1964, with a port of call in Kenya in eastern Africa.  In 1966, Noe started suffering from chronic joint pain and recurrent lung infections.  By 1968, he could no longer pass a physical to sail, so he worked as a long-haul truck driver. 

Gaëtan Dugas, the narcissistic and embittered flight attendant, alternately feeling morose and spiteful about his condition, was given the code name “Patient Zero”, the source of the AIDS epidemic in North America. 

Gaëtan Dugas was a French-Canadian born February 20, 1953.  His life was on a collision course with history.  In 1972, Dugas first became sexually active.  [He would later claim he had over 2,500 sexual partners in his lifetime, whether all male is unknown.  He may have been bisexual.] 

Less Than Zero

Almost any medical professional worth his or her license, whenever a patient dies of a strange ailment, takes the precaution of preserving tissue and blood samples for future research.  It is extremely fortunate that some doctors going all the way back to the late 1950s had been so far-sighted.  Working backward and re-examining suspicious or otherwise unresolved deaths from contagion globally proved enriching in piecing together the history of AIDS. 

By April of 1982, 248 cases of the disease were reported nationwide with many others too afraid or indifferent to see a doctor.  A virus was isolated in 1983 by French scientists (as Europeans were also recognizing and treating patients with “gay cancer”, many of whom were decidedly not gay). . Doctors, helpless to find the cause of death for the Noe family, preserved some tissue samples.  In 1988, further testing showed Noe, his wife, and his daughter had all been HIV-positive

***

Dugas may have personally, and directly, been responsible for dozens of AIDS cases (and no telling how many more indirectly), but he did not bring AIDS to the US, nor was he the first confirmed AIDS victim.  As noted, several California men and some Haitian immigrants were found later to have succumbed to the disease before Dugas.

A year earlier, a Portuguese man known only as Senhor José died under mysterious circumstances.  He was treated at the London Hospital for Tropical Diseases to no effect.  In later years, examination of preserved tissues verified he died of AIDS; the causative virus, HIV-2 was present, making him the first known confirmed victim.  Genetic research on the virus indicated he probably contracted the disease in 1966 in Guinea-Bissau (on the northwest coast of Africa).  Three gay men in California and six Haitian immigrants to the United States were later confirmed as AIDS victims from that same year.

In his wake, one of the unfortunate legacies he left was a renewed homophobia relative to male flight attendants.  They became a lightning rod for America’s fear and anger over AIDS and its links with homosexuality.  “Patient Zero”, Gaëtan Dugas, was reviled; in death he was even accused of bringing HIV to North America and spreading it around the country.

This good person also kindly corrected some of the misinformation about Rayford via a personal e-mail and was also kind enough to forward professional papers on the subject.  One such paper, in Lymphology from 1973, gives, perhaps, the best clinical synopsis of the case.  Another article, entitled Documentation of an AIDS Virus Infection in the United States in 1968 (by the same doctor and others), is also a “must read” for anyone interested in the earlier origins of AIDS in America. 

On October 31, 1980 – ominously enough, Halloween night – the French-Canadian gay male steward Gaëtan Dugas visited a gay bathhouse for the first time on a layover in New York City.

Noe’s condition stabilized, but then flared up again in 1975 (coincidentally the same year a strange disorder called “slim disease” was reported in Africa for the first time, the beginnings of epidemic AIDS).  In addition to the respiratory condition and joint pains he developed motor skill problems and dementia before he died. 

In conjunction with Studio 54, other bars for gay men to frequent thrived.  Another meeting place was the bath houses still found in many larger cities.  Once serving the utilitarian function for neighborhood residents to bathe (considering most homes up until the late 1920s did not have indoor plumbing) these quaint reminders of The Good Old Days were social gathering places for gay men.  They were prevalent in New York City and in San Francisco.  [Bette Midler, a great favorite among gay men, got her start singing in gay bath houses; her piano player in those days was songwriter/musician Barry Manilow).

But, it doesn’t end there. 

This virus, after much international wrangling for recognition of discovery (with a particularly aggressive and bombastic US virologist lobbying for a claim that he had found it first–he did not) was later named Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV. 

Because of the baffling nature of his case, doctors preserved several tissue and blood samples for later evaluation.  In 1987, eighteen years after his death, molecular biologists at New Orleans’ Tulane University tested specimens of Rayford’s preserved blood and tissues.  Their findings were stunning: a virus “closely related or identical to” HIV-1 was detected.  Further confirmation testing in 1989  proved Robert Rayford (African-American teenage male of St

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bettingexpert Blog | Betting, Stats, Facts, Football & Sports Blog

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Las Vegas Casinos – InfoBarrel

(readers or lookers?) The show is adult oriented

so don’t take Paul “Pee Wee” Reubens with you.

There are many casinos in Las Vegas

Nevada. The roller coaster is fun…to watch. Slots-A-Fun Casino is a fun place to gamble cheaply if you

go there during a slow time. It is by the Circus Circus Hotel and Casino.

Slots-A-Fun Casino has many low limit table games including $1.00

blackjack. It is a popular spot for

amateur photographers to snap a world class picture. $2.00 Blackjack is

only available occasionally. The Gold Spike Hotel and Casino also has a

sports book inside called “Leroy’s Sports book”.

I am a huge fan of the downtown Vegas

properties but this strip property make my list. At least they

have not changed the sweet shape f the pyramid.

Luxor Hotel and Casino. On a Sunday when there are only a few cars in there

you can drive your car to the top. If it is summertime and over 100 degrees I highly suggest you

do not walk the strip. I wonder when

Britney plays blackjack and wants another card if she tells the

Blackjack dealer “Hit Me Baby One More Time.” After all of

Britney’s kids I think she was hit again.

If you choose to stay at the Gold Spike

Hotel and Casino during you vacation to Las Vegas you will be well

rewarded with your choice of location. Downtown Las Vegas is much funner and generally cheaper then staying on the

Vegas Strip. You are right down by the

Fremont Light Show and all of the casinos and sites located in the

downtown area of historic Las Vegas. Fremont Street. I wish they would have kept

the Egyptian theme at the Luxor Hotel and Casino. I love the

7-11 stores for gambling. If you do want to see the Strip

you are a very short bus ride away. Many people now days consider the New York New

York Hotel and Casino to be slightly on the tacky side. The Palms Casino and Resort has been the site of many TV

shows. When the Slots-A-Fun Casino is empty of locals and

tourists then it is a very fun place to gamble in Las Vegas. The 7-11 stores are not considered a casino to

most people. The Luxor Hotel and

Casino of today appears much different then the magnificent building

that was originally there.

The New York New York Hotel and Casino

was considered a truly amazing architecture and styling casino when

it was first opened. Just because you may want to

visit an expensive Las Vegas Casino that does not mean you have to

play there.

In 2007 they replace most of the

Egyptian themed items and decorations. The other

reason the Luxor Hotel and Casino is so cool is because of the huge

light beaming out from the top of the Luxor into space. You can find $1.00 black jack or $1,000 black jack tables.

From the high rollers VIP areas in fancy Vegas Casinos to the smoky

keno rooms with ragged carpet.

The Gold Spike Hotel and Casino is

located in my favorite part of Las Vegas. The first is the shape of the

building. They usually have some video gaming machines. I disagree.

The New York New York Hotel and Casino is all of the fun of the real

New York but a lot cheaper. If the Aliens

ever come to play poker they will probably come to the Luxor Hotel

and Casino.

If you visit the Palms Casino and

Resort make sure your bring your camera so you can take a picture of

the Paparazzi who may be there outside snapping pictures of the rich

and famous when they arrive at the Palms Casino and Resort.

The Palms Casino and Resort is where

the middle class come to see the rich and famous. You can also walk if you are not lazy. Regardless of your budget you can find

somewhere fun and unique to gamble while visiting Las Vegas.

New York New York Hotel and Casino

Regardless of where you want to gamble

in Las Vegas you can always find something cool, tacky, common, rare,

expensive, cheap, or even dirt cheap. It is modeled after the gr

eat pyramids of Egypt. Angelica Bridges starred on Baywatch and is also a favorite

of Playboy readers. The rich and famous

come to the Palms Casino and Resort to be seen by the middle class

tourists. $3.00 Black Jack is the favorite game of

many people in Las Vegas. If you want a tattoo they have a shop inside.

Slots-A-Fun Casino

While visiting the Luxor Hotel and

Casino make sure you get tickets to the show starring Angelica

Bridges. The appearance is drastically different,.

The Luxor Hotel and Casino has changed from an Egyptian theme to a

corporate owned casino filled with gimmicky adverting. The Luxor Hotel and

Casino is really cool for two reasons. You may have seen the Palms Casino and Resort on

television. When you are speeding up to the

top layer it looks and feels like you are flying of the edge of the

building onto the roller coaster. The

parking garage at the New York New York Hotel and Casino is my

favorite ride. What other gaming property in Las Vegas can

offer you a Slurpee? The fact that I can play video poker with bad

odds and drink blue colored Slurpee’s all day makes the 7-11

convenience stores an awesome Las Vegas gaming property.

Gold Spike Hotel and Casino

The Palms Casino and Resort is a

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Casino is packed with people wanting to play low limit games. There are always exceptions and some great deals can be

found for the Las Vegas Strip hotels and casinos during non peak

The 7-11 convenience stores in Las

Vegas are everywhere. I have

never been inside the Palms Casino and Resort except for when I see

this Vegas Hotel on television.

Palms Casino and Resort

The Slots-A-Fun Casino is located on

The Las Vegas Strip. Do not

attend the Slots-A-Fun Casino on a weekend or any other time the

place is busy. I did once when it was 108 degrees and the

soles on my shoes were soft from the hot asphalt and concrete

literally melting my shoe soles away.

Image Credit: (Flickr/davideferro.net) (Flickr/Chad Davis)

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At night time the Palms Casino and

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